Urban metro system in Moscow

Urban metro system in Moscow
Urban metro system in Moscow

Інвестиційні дані

Ім'я: Urban metro system in Moscow
Місцезнаходження: Moscow, Russia
Інвестор: “Moscow Metro” State-Owned Company
Тип: Metro
Завершення: 2020
Виконавець / Проектант: MOSINZHPROEKT


The Moscow Metro is the first underground transportation system put into operation in Russia – it was officially opened on 15 May 1935. The whole system consists of 15 lines with a total length of 397 kilometres and 230 stations. According to data for 2016, 7.1 million passengers on average travel on it every day, which makes it one of the most heavily used metro systems in the world, more exactly the sixth, after Beijing, Tokyo, Shanghai, Seoul and Canton. The first designs for a metro system in Moscow were created already in 1901 (for the sake of comparison, the oldest underground network in the world in London started operating in 1863), but their implementation was delayed or interrupted by turbulent historical events. The first line that opened in Moscow ran from the Sokolniki station to the Park Kultury station, and in the following years the network was dynamically developed, with two new lines built. From the very start, the new metro stations used to be designed in such a way as to make the greatest possible impression on the passengers. The amazing structures that were built, the wealth of materials and the innovative designs presented above all various scenes in the spirit of socialist realism – today the Moscow Metro is considered one of the gems of this style, and more than 40 stations have been recognised as Russian architectural or cultural heritage monuments. Unfortunately, projects involving further, comprehensive expansion were interrupted by the outbreak of World War II. During the war, the underground tunnels and stations served, among other things, as air raid shelters, and the city’s defence plan even assumed the complete destruction of the metro if the enemy appeared at the gates of Moscow. Fortunately, this did not happen and in the post-war years the network could continue to be dynamically developed. The current plans until 2025 involve the construction of more than 130 kilometres of lines with 57 new stations. As a result, the Moscow metro system will spread over 470 kilometres, with 260 stations, and its volume will thus increase by as much as 56 per cent. It is estimated that this will enable the system to carry an additional 1 million passengers, who will travel in much more comfortable, less crowded conditions than before. This will also mean a significant reduction in the time needed to get to various places across the city and a reduction in traffic at public transport hubs and on transport lines.

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